The day of Arafah or the day of Arafat falls on the 9th Dhul Hijja according to the Islamic calendar. This is the second day of Hajj and the day before Eid al Adha.
When is Arafat day 2014?
The Arafat day 2014 falls on Friday the 3rd October as per Gregorian calendar.
This is on the 9th Dhul Hijja according to the Hijri calendar (Islamic calendar). The date begins after the sunset of Sunday the 13th October and ends on the sunset of 14th October. Each year the date of the Arafat day has a deviation of about 10 days in Gregorian calendar since the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar and the Hijri is a lunar calendar.
Where is Arafah?
Arafah or Arafat is a place near Macca in Saudi Arab where the Mount Araft is located. Attending and spending the evening in the plains of Arafat on the 9th Dhul Hijja is a Farz (compulsory) ritual of Hajj and must be performed by all the pilgrims to fulfill the Hajj. This is a significant day for the Hajj pilgrims as they travel from Mina to the plain of Arafah and spend the day with worship till sunset. Prophet Muhammad (SM) delivered his last sermon on 10th Hijri (632 AD) in Arafah, standing at the Mount Arafah which is called Jabal E Rahmat (Mountain of mercy) in Arabic. Not only for the Hajj pilgrims but also for the Muslims who are not performing Hajj, the day of Arafah is significant in many aspects
Virtue of Arafat day
There are numerous virtue of the day of Arafah has been mentioned in the holy Quran and Hadith. This is one of the Farz (compulsory) rituals of Hajj. On this day, Hajj pilgrims arrive at the plains of Mount Arafat from Mina and perform worship throughout the day within a defined area on the plain of Arafat. There are no specific rituals or prayers of the Arafat day for the Hajj pilgrims although they spend the day with prayers, reciting the holy Quran and repent for their sin and seek mercy to Allah. Standing at the field Arafat is called Wakuf in Arabic. After sunset of the day of Arafat, Hajj pilgrims move towards another place named Muzdalifah to perform the next ritual of Hajj. The gathering reminds of the Judgment Day where all men will be equal regardless of rich or poor, black or white, king or slave and will stand on a same row for judgment for his past life in earth.
Mount Arafat is called Jabal E Rahmat (Mountain of mercy) in Arabic. This is the place where Prophet Muhammad (SM) delivered his Farewell Sermon on 10Hijri (632 AD). In this Farewell Sermon, Muhammad (SM) mentioned according to the verse of Quran that was reveled upon him on the day of Arafah that Allah says “Today, I have perfected your religion for you, and have completed My blessing upon you, and chosen Islam as Din (religion and a way of life) for you”. (Al-Quran: Surah Al Maidah). So, this is the day when Islam has been fulfilled and has been chosen as the religion of mankind of all time by the almighty Allah.
Fasting on the day of Arafat is one of the important worship for the non pilgrims of Hajj. This day is to seek mercy from Allah and repent for the past sins as Allah sets the souls free from hell fire most on this day. Fasting on the day of Arafat is Mustahab (desirable) for those who are not in Hajj. Some people keep fasting on the day of Arafah who are not in Hajj.
The father of mankind Adam (AH) and the mother of mankind Hawah (RA) met up after several years in the plain of Arafat after they had been taken off from Jannat (heaven) and placed to earth in separate places.
The day of Arafat is indeed a blessed day. The day is to seek mercy, get freedom from the fire of hell and repent for the sins of past days.
When is Arafat day 2014?
Although the day of Arafah is fixed according to the Islamic calendar on the 9th Dhul Hijja, it varies each year in the Gregorian calendar. In 2014, the Arafat day falls on Friday the 3rd October.