10 Muharram is the 10th day of the month of Muharram, the first month of Islamic calendar. This day is also called Ashura which means the 10th day. This is a significant day for the Muslims for several important events that happened in different time since the beginning of the world.
When is 10 Muharram in 2014?
10 Muharram 2014 will be observed by the Muslims including America and North America on Monday, November 3rd.
Since Islamic calendar days starts after the sunset, 10 Muharram will start after the sunset on Sunday, November 2nd and remain until the sunset of Monday, November 3rd. See here for more details about Islamic calendar. According to Islamic year, 10 Muharram is observed on the 10th day of the month of Muharram.
The history of 10 Muharram
10 Muharram has been a very important day since the beginning of the world. On this day many Prophets were born and many Prophets, saints and sincere servants of Allah were blessed with miracles and spiritual power of Allah and the great power and glory of Allah was appeared on this day. A few of these are mentioned below:
- The almighty Allah has accepted the repentance of Prophet Adam (Alaihi Assallam) on this day.
- Prophet Ibrahim (Alaihi Assallam) was born on this day.
- The ship of Prophet Nuh (Alaihi Assallam) came to rest on the mountain Al-Judi on this day.
- Prophet Musa (Alaihi Assallam) got victory against Pharaoh on this day.The day of resurrection and judgment will take place on this day.
- Imam Hussain (RA) was martyred on this day.
Imam Hussain (RA) was the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (SM) and the third Shia Imam. He was brutally murdered on the 10th Muharram by the men of Yazid (the third Caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate).The army of Imam Hussain (RA) was defeated on 10 Muharram in 61 Hijri (680 AD) in the battle of Karbala in Iraq.
Imam Hussain (RA) stood against Yazid who was openly going against the lesson of Islam and imposing different rules and laws that conflict the Islamic ideology. Imam Hussain (RA) stood against him and fought till death with his followers.
Observance of 10 Muharram
Sunni and Shia Muslims observe this day in different way; however, fasting and other worship is done by both on this day. Fasting is recommended by the Prophet Muhammad (SM) from the beginning of this month till 11 Muharram. Muslims pray Salat, give charity to the poor, visit scholars and elders, spent time with the orphans give them charity, remember the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (RA) and pray on 10 Muharram.
Shia Muslims observe this day as a mourning day of the martyrdom of Imam Hussian (RA). They refrain from music and all kind of joyous events such as wedding and others, listen to the sorrowful poetic recitations of Karbala battle and wear mourning attire. They carryout commemoration parade in remembrance of Hussain (RA). On this commemoration parade, replica of the tomb of Hussain (RA) is made and along with that tomb, the parades walk through different areas and recite mourning words for Hussain (RA). Some people on this parade also beat themselves with metal chains and blades to make them feel inside the pain of Hussain (RA) that he suffered in the battle of Karbala.
In some Muslims countries, 10 Muharram is declared as public holiday such as Jordan, Malaysia, Bangladesh and The United Arab Emirates.